Category Archives: Employment Standards

These entries describe compliance requirements for Canadian employment standards.

Overtime options: averaging and banking

The normal rule is that when employees work overtime, employers have to pay that out in the same pay period as worked. However, in some jurisdictions, there may be other options. Two options that are sometimes available are averaging and … Continue reading

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Who decides employee hours of work?

Few things are more contentious than disagreements over employee work schedules. Does the employer have the right to determine how many hours employees will work? Are there thresholds past which employees can’t be made to work, with or without their … Continue reading

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Overtime 101

Recently, I did a piece on stat holiday employment standards, where the emphasis was on the questions that must be asked, rather than the detailed answers to those questions in each jurisdiction. The following applies something of this same approach … Continue reading

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Challenges in Paying Employees by Salary

In payroll, salaries are fixed earnings, paid for the elapse of specific time periods, commonly a pay period, month or year. The defining characteristic of salaries is they don’t depend on how much time is actually worked during these elapsed … Continue reading

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Statutory Holidays 101

Correctly processing statutory holidays is a complex task. Not only are there significant differences between the employment standard requirements by jurisdiction, but there can also be wide variances among employer policies and practices. There often isn’t even agreement about what … Continue reading

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In Payroll, Numbers are Everything

The primary payroll task is to pay employees accurately and on time. This always involves calculations related to specific time periods. For example, it may be necessary to calculate an hourly rate when salaried employees work overtime. One of these … Continue reading

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Employers and the right of offset

In contract law, offset is the right to balance one debt against another. For example, if Frank owes Harry $10, and Harry in turn owes Frank $3, Frank can fully repay his debt to Harry by giving him $7. Employers … Continue reading

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Statutory Holidays after Employment has Ended

Every once and a while I get asked a question something like this – ‘One of our employees just [quit, was terminated] and a statutory holiday is coming up. Do we have to pay statutory holiday pay after the employment … Continue reading

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The 4 Ways Vacations Are Commonly Paid

Vacation pay is one of those areas in payroll where there are great variations between employers. These include variations in the vacation pay rate, the number of vacation weeks provided, the earnings on which vacation pay is accrued and when … Continue reading

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Employment Standards Jurisdiction – Which One Applies?

One of the basic concepts that anyone new to payroll has to master is which level of government applies. Canada is a federal state, meaning that both Ottawa and each of the provinces have their own legislative powers. While the … Continue reading

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